The Recast Regulation 428/2009 on export controls of dual use items has been published in the OJ of the EU, L 134, 29 May 2009. This Regulation shall enter into force on 27 August 2009. As a result, the existing Regulation 1334/2000 shall be repealed.
Article 6 (1) of the Regulation 428/2009 allows each Member State to prohibit the transit of non Community Dual Use items listed in Annex I of the Regulation on case by case basis, namely when there is a serious risk of diversion for Weapons of Mass Destruction purposes in the third country of destination. The Member States shall notify to the European Commission the authorities in charge of prohibiting such operations and such information will be published in the OJ of the EU (As provided for in Article 6 (4)). The Member States shall also notify the Commission if they extend the provision of the Regulation to also prohibit on case by case basis non listed items in transit as allowed by the article 6 (2) of the Regulation. In order to prohibit the transit on case by case basis, the Member State may decide to resort to adhoc ex ante authorisations for certain non Community Dual Use items in transit. The Member State shall notify the Commission accordingly and the Commission will publish such information in the OJ of the EU (Article 6 (2). If a Member State issues an authorisation for transit under these circumstances, such authorisation shall only be valid in that Member State (during discussions in the Council, the MS refused that the authorisation be valid under certain circumstances in all MS as is the case for export authorisations).
The Article 5 of the Regulation allows for ad hoc controls of brokering of dual use items that are listed in Annex I and not located on the EU Customs Territory but subject of transactions between third countries. A member State may extend such controls of brokering activities to non listed items and will notify the Commission that will publish the information on the OJ of the EU (Article 5 (2). The broker will have to request an authorisation for brokering if he has been informed by the competent authorities of the Member State where he is established or if he is aware that such items may be diverted for WMD purposes (Article 5 (1). The authorities in charge of controlling brokering in the Member States will be defined by each Member States and notified to the Commission. The Commission will publish this information on the OJ of the EU. A member State can opt that the broker has to ask for an authorisation for brokering if he has ground for suspecting (and not only is aware) a WMD diversion in conformity with article 5 (3). The Member State will notify the Commission of such policy.
Exporters may consider appropriate to contact their national authorities to enquiry about the options intend to take for transit and brokering (in particular if they extend the controls to non listed items) and what shall the national authorities in charge (customs, foreign affairs, defence, economy, any other administration).
Annex I of Regulation 428/2009 is the list of items and technologies controlled as recently updated to be in conformity with the last changes in Wassenaar, Missile Technology Control Regime, Nuclear Suppliers Group and Australia Group. A summary of changes is available on the DG website to facilitate implementation.
Annex IV lists the items that are subject to licensing prior to their transfer within the EU. It has been updated as well.
A number of articles of “old” Regulation 1334/2000 are now given a different number. The “catch all ” article remains article 4. Article 5 that used to be on national public control lists is now Article 8. Ex article 9 on denials is now article Article 12. Ex article 17 on record keeping becomes Article 20.
The conditions of use of the EU 001 Community General Export Authorisation have been modified but continue to be detailed in Annex II part 3. It has been made clear that ex ante registration, if requested nationally, is automatic and cannot take more than 10 days. Exporters must notify the first use of EU 001 no later than 30 days if there is no ex ante obligation imposed by the MS where the exporter is established. MS may require additional information on the items exported.
Source: EU Commission DG Trade